Brazilian Gloxinia has a poetic name – falling snow mud. It is very beautiful, as if it comes from the painting. So, do you know how to raise Brazilian Gloxinia? Friends who don’t know can follow Xiaobian to learn about Brazilian Gloxinia’s breeding methods and precautions.
Before planting Brazilian Gloxinia, let’s first understand the morphological characteristics of Brazilian Gloxinia:
Perennial herb, tuber oblate, ground stem very short, plant height 15-25cm, the whole plant is densely covered with white villi. The leaves are opposite, thick and large, Brazilian Gloxinia is oval or long oval, serrated; the veins are raised between the leaves, and pedicels grow from the leaves. Flower top or axillary, corolla campanulate, rounded apex, 5-6 light split color rich, pink, red, purple blue, white, polychrome and other colors, large and beautiful. Capsule, seeds mature 1 month after anthesis; seeds brown, small and numerous.
Brazilian gloxinia Methods of plant:
1. Soil: pot soil can be mixed with sapropel, garden soil, manure, etc.; or mixed with 3 peat, 1 perlite, 1 river sand and a small amount of basic fertilizer; or mixed with sapropel, coarse sand and vermiculite.
2. Watering: Brazilian Gloxinia flowers have fluffy leaves. Once stained with water drops, they are very perishable. Therefore, do not spray water on the flowers or leaves. It is best to use immersion method for watering. Usually watering should be appropriate, too much is easy to cause tuber rot, yellow leaves, and even the whole plant died. In the high temperature stage in summer, water once or twice a day. When the air is dry, spray water around the plant frequently to increase the humidity of the environment. Watering should be even, not too dry and wet, cold and hot. Rain must be avoided during flowering. The pot soil should be dry in winter.
3. Sunlight: Brazilian Gloxinia is a semi positive plant, which should be properly shaded at ordinary times to avoid direct sunlight. In winter, the seedlings should have enough sunshine to promote healthy growth. In summer, they must be placed in a well ventilated shade with scattered light. The light in the growing period should not be too strong, otherwise it will inhibit the growth. When flowering, it is appropriate to extend the sunshade time to extend the flowering period.
4. Temperature: the suitable temperature for growth of Brazilian Gloxinia is 10-25 ℃. There are different requirements in different seasons, 18-25 ℃ from January to October, and 10-12 ℃ from October to the second year. The suitable temperature can make the leaves grow luxuriant, green and the flowers big and bright.
5. Fertilization: Brazilian Gloxinia is a good fertilizer. From leaf development to flowering, it is necessary to apply a thin organic liquid fertilizer once a week, which is mature and needs to increase the application of phosphorus fertilizer after flower bud formation. Do not contaminate the leaves when applying fertilizer. After each fertilization, spray water once to keep the leaves clean. The water drop should not stay in the leaves for a long time, otherwise the leaves will rot.
6. Insect damage: Brazilian Gloxinia is prone to cochlear insect damage, which makes the leaves yellow and fall off, and even leads to death in serious cases. When it was found that there was spider on the leaves, it could spray 5% nisolone emulsion 1000 times, the control effect was very good. Generally, spray once a week, 2-3 times continuously.
Precautions for the plant of Brazil Gloxinia: watering should be done slowly along the mouth of the pot with a fine spout, and try not to let water drops on the leaves and buds of Brazil gloxinia. If there are water drops, they should be dried with toilet paper in time. Because there is water on the leaves, it is easy to cause the leaves to rot.
Brazilian Gloxinia has many small flowers, large flowers and bright colors. It is an ideal potted flower to decorate the study and the balcony teahouse. The plant method of Brazilian Gloxinia is introduced here. I hope it will be helpful for you to plant Brazilian Gloxinia!